UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES TRIERThe Barbarathermen
At the time of their construction, these monumental thermal baths dating from the 2nd century were the second largest public baths in the whole of the Roman Empire. They covered an area of 42,000 square metres, making them almost the size of six football pitches. Here in the oldest public baths in the city, guests were offered wellness and relaxation at the highest level. In several baths, some of them heated, and a swimming pool, guests could spend time in an oasis of wellness which also included a cultural centre. Libraries, restaurants, shops and beauty salons were available to visitors.
The floor plan of the thermal baths for the layout of the swimming pool and the bathing rooms is based on a North African model. Finds have shown that the thermal baths were richly fitted with marble and contained niches designed in the form of marine grottos. The facilities were in use into the 5th century. Subsequently various construction measures commenced and the baths were plundered for building stones. The baths were broken up and dismantled to make way for the creation of the suburb of Trier St. Barbara, to which the site owes its name today.
The thermal baths can be relived in an entirely new way on a passenger walkway which runs alongside the building. At nine stopping points, the architecture and the splendid fittings of the building are illustrated, and the process of bathing during Roman times is shown by means of reconstructions. The development of the thermal baths since antiquity and the current restoration measures put in place are also illustrated.